3 edition of Model-data comparisons for the 1982-83 El Niño found in the catalog.
Model-data comparisons for the 1982-83 El Niño
by U.S. Dept. of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Environmental Research Laboratories, Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, For sale by the National Technical Information Service in Seattle, Wash, Springfield, VA
Written in English
|Other titles||Model data comparisons for the 1982-83 El Niño|
|Statement||D.E. Harrison, William S. Kessler, Benjamin S. Giese|
|Series||NOAA technical memorandum ERL PMEL -- 79, Contribution no. 1035 from NOAA/Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, Contribution (Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory (U.S.)) -- no. 1035, NOAA technical memorandum ERL PMEL -- 79|
|Contributions||Kessler, William S, Giese, Benjamin S, Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory (U.S.)|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||iii, 61 p.|
|Number of Pages||61|
Journal Article: Analysis of the ENSO episode and comparison with Title: Analysis of the ENSO episode and comparison with Full Record. During the early part of the sampling period, the –83 El Niño event had a profound effect on the radiolaria and silico-flagellates within these two areas.
The El Niño of was similar to the Niño of , but not an exact repeat. Each El Niño episode has a unique timing and variations in impacts. Also, remember that – was a weak, central Pacific Niño, so this one had a jump start. The El Niño of was a continuing El Niño that first appeared in El Niño’s impact on climate and society, Cambridge: Cambridge University press. Grove, R. () The East Indian Company, the Australians and the El Niño; colonial scientists and the emergence of an awareness of global teleconnections. Discussion paper , department of Economic History, australian National university, Canberra.
R.H. Richmond, The Effects of the El Niño/Southern Oscillation on the Dispersal of Corals and other Marine Organisms, Global Ecological Consequences of the –83 El Nino—SouthernOscillation, /S(08), (), (). Check out this useful page of links to other El Niño web sites. Books. Currents of Change: El Niño's Impact on Climate and Society by Michael H. Glantz Cambridge University Press,
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MODEL-DATACOMPARISONS FOR THE EL NINO: THE XBT TRACKS D.E. Harrisonl, William S. Kessle?, and Benjamin S. Giese2 ABS1RACT. Five different analyses of monthly average surface wind stress fields have been used to force an ocean general circulation model ofthe tropical Pacific, in a series ofEl Nino.
Get this from a library. Model-data comparisons for the El Niño: the XBT tracks. [D E Harrison; William S Kessler; Benjamin S Giese; Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory (U.S.)]. Effects of El Niño on Benthos, Fish and Fisheries off the South American Pacific Coast.
Principal abiotic changes induced by EN The pelagic subsystem. The benthic subsystem. Effects of the El Niño-Southern Oscillation Event on Marine Iguana (Amblyrhynchus Cristatus Bell, ) Populations on Galapagos.
Study area Book Edition: 1. Abstract. Prior to the –83 El Niño, California sea lion (Zalophus californianus) populations in the California Channel Islands were recovering from low abundance levels that resulted from unregulated exploitation and indiscriminate killing which began in the s and continued through the late s (Bonnot ; Bartholomew ; Stewart et al., in press).Cited by: Some of the documented environmental impacts of the El Niño event, the strongest thus far this century, are indicated by symbols on this global map.
Some Model-data comparisons for the 1982-83 El Niño book the icons within the globe are hyperlinked. Click on an icon of interest; if it isn't active yet, the map will take you back to the monograph page.
As more photographs and. In the reanalysis, the first EOF accounts for % of tropical temperature variance and features the –83, –87, and –98 El Niño events in its time series. A coherent zonal mean warming is clear throughout the tropical troposphere from 30°N to 30°S. During the /83 El Niño a surface layer of warm, nutrient-depleted water appeared in the eastern Pacific and persisted for about 9 months.
Nutrient supply, phytoplankton abundance and primary productivity were dramatically reduced by the altered physical conditions of the /83 El Niño. Semiannual and annual oscillations of sea level and their impact on asymmetry between El Niño and La Niña episodes.
Studia Geophysica et Geodaetica, Vol. 58, Issue. 2, p. Studia Geophysica et Geodaetica, Vol. 58, Issue. 2, p. The model fails to simulate the easterlies during La Niña The simulated forcing of the atmosphere is in very poor agreement with the heating derived from cloud convection data.
Similarly, the model is fairly successful in reproducing the warm anomalies during El Niño events, However, it fails to simulate the observed cold anomalies. With this criterion, 8 El Niño winters are identified during our period of analysis: /58, /66, /73, /83, /87, /92, /95, and / Following Butler et al, we identify an SSW when the zonal-mean westerly wind at 10 hPa and 60°N reverses sign during the months November through March.
Zonal-mean winds are required. The –83 El Niño was presumably the strongest in the last century (Quinn et al. California over a period that included EN – Our approach involves comparisons of baseline. El Niño (/ ɛ l ˈ n iː n. j oʊ /; Spanish:) is the warm phase of the El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and is associated with a band of warm ocean water that develops in the central and east-central equatorial Pacific (between approximately the International Date Line and °W), including the area off the Pacific coast of South ENSO is the cycle of warm and cold sea.
The Earth has seen El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO)—the leading mode of interannual climate variability—for at least millennia and likely over millions of years.
This paper reviews previous studies from perspectives of both paleoclimate proxy data (from traditional sediment records to the latest high-resolution oxygen isotope records) and model simulations (including earlier. This chapter presents vital statistics on northern elephant seals, Mirounga angustirostris, inhabiting the rookery at Año Nuevo, California over a period that included EN –Our approach involves comparisons of baseline data collected routinely in the years before, during, and after EN – Based on this classification method, there are 6 EP El Niño events and 5 CP El Niño events, where the former are the /83, /87, /92, /97, /07, and /16 events and the.
El Niño Selected recent strong episodes Annual average line «The Southern Oscillation Index gives an indication of the development and intensity of El Niño or La Niña events in the Pacific Ocean. It is calculated using. A simulation of the evolution of El Niño Southern Oscillation in the p years in a state-of-the-art climate model shows the complex response mechanisms of El Niño to external climate.
El Niño Conditions During El Niño, warm surface water appears farther east and is spread over a broader area. Weak Highs form east and west of the Low, and surface and upper level winds are both weaker than normal. The thermocline is deeper and flatter overall, making average sea level of the eastern Pacific higher than normal.
La Niña. Ocean General Circulation Model Hindcasts of the El Niño. on (): pp in Japan-US Workshop on the ENSO phenomenon, eds T. Matsuno and M.L. Blackmon Meteorological Research ReportDivision of Meteorology, Geophysical Institute, Univ.
of Tokyo, March Recent tropical Pacific surface wind studies. Harrison, D.E., W.S. Kessler, and B.S. Giese (): Model-data comparisons for the El Niño: The XBT tracks (Link to PMEL web pages).
NOAA TM ERL PMEL (PB), 61 pp. Taft, B.A. and W.S. Kessler (): On the effects of salinity on the dynamics of. The six strong El Niño events shown in the comparisons below are from the, and winter seasons.
Values for ONI peaked in the late fall to early winter during 5 of these El Niño events, with a late winter peak during the and events.New Book on the El Niño: A flood of new books on El Niño will hit the streets in the near future because the El Niño was one of the best studied climatic events ever.
One of the first books over the dam is Floods, Famines and Emperors: El Niño and the Fate of Civilizations (Januaryhardcover, $25, address below).While an El Niño event occurs every three years on average, strong El Niño events typically occur every years.
The five strongest El Niño events since were in the winters of,and It has been 17 years since the last strong El Niño event, the longest such stretch without a strong El Niño.